How To Tell If Your Dog Has Worms?

Having a dog in your house can be the greatest thing for you, if you are a dog lover. Not only your house is safe because of the dog, but also he is there for you as your companion and your best friend. Although if he is performing his duties honestly for us, then it is our responsibility that we also take his care and protect him from getting any diseases. But it is not always possible. There may be times when we are not able to take his proper care, and he might catch some disease. Getting worms on their body is one of the most common phenomena that can happen, probably due to playing outside in the field, not taking bathe regularly or from something else. So, what to do in such case? How to tell if your dog has worms? What are the cures or treatments for this? Let’s look at all the answers one by one.

There are numerous worms that can infect your dog. The symptoms a dog can show when he has worms on his body can vary from worm to worm. So, before looking for the symptoms, let’s look at the worms that are likely to affect your dog’s body.

How To Tell If Your Dog Has Worms

Worms That May Affect Your Dog

The different types of worms by which your dog can be affected may be:

Roundworms:

Roundworms can cause a serious kind of problem in puppies and dogs. Roundworm causes diarrhea and also eat the food of the host. They are even more deadly in puppies. It is important that you choose the right deworming product for the pet so that he/she will be free from the problem. Some of the signs are:
• Weakness
• Pot-belly
• Vomiting
• Dull Coat
• Belly Pain
• Roundworms in poop
• Weight loss

Do take your dog to a veterinarian doctor if you feel or see any of the above mentioned symptoms.

Hookworms:

Hookworms suck the blood of from the dog and are mainly found in the intestine. If you have puppies, they can transmit worms from their mother. Adult dogs can get the infection by the cleaning themselves. There are several negative causes, for example, malnutrition and weakness in the dogs. If get infected by hookworms, your dog can even die. To get rid of these worms, it is mandatory that you use at least two rounds of deworming medication. But in case of puppies, the method is different. Therefore, it is advisable that you consult with your vet before giving any treatment to your dog. Humans can also get an infection by the hookworms that are present in dirty vegetables or even if they walk barefoot on the sand or soil.

Heartworms:

Heartworms in dogs are spread by biting of the mosquitoes. The main area where these worms reside is the arteries. The length of heartworms is approximately 14 inches. It can affect the function of your dog’s heart and even can cause death if not treated on time and with proper procedure. You have the option to take monthly preventives for the heartworm, and it will be extremely effective. Some of the symptoms that will show that your dog has heartworms can be coughing, trouble in breathing, and some other common signs. For effective treatment, you will have to give your dog approximately two to three injections of the arsenic-based drugs. There should be a time gap of at least a month between the injections.

Whipworms:

Whipworms reside where large and small intestines meet. These worms can suck the blood of from the host. Dogs can pick whipworms while playing in the contaminated soil. Whipworms do not cause any serious problem until they enter in the intestines in a large number. You can effectively eliminate whipworms with the help of an oral dewormer.

Tapeworms:

Tapeworms may enter in your dogs’ body by licking themselves or by swallowing fleas. They are in the size of small segments, and each segment is equal to the size of a rice grain. You may sometimes find them around your dog’s anus. To kill the worms, you can go for a tablet or injection. A human can also be affected from tapeworms but not from the dogs.

Ringworm:

Ringworm, as the name suggest, is not a worm. It is a kind of infection on the skin that is caused by fungus. Ringworm is a gray, dry and scaly patch on the skin. In human beings, it will be found in the form of a round, red lesion ring like structure. Dogs get infected with the ringworms as soon as they get in contact with the spores of the fungus. These spores will be present in cats or the soil. Human beings can also get infected with this by touching an infected pet. There are lots of shampoos, medicated dips and ointments present in the market for the treatment of the ringworms. It is recommended to consult with your vet.

How To Know It’s Worm Infection?

The majority of the symptoms in dogs of worm infections are common and non-specific. Hence, it is almost impossible to diagnose what kind of worms your dog is carrying based on the symptoms only. Although, if your dog has not been wormed from a long time, then you can see suspicious signs of worm infections in your dog. It may allow you to trigger an investigation to find out what parasite is in his body.

Sometimes you may get the visual evidence of worms in your dog’s feces, even if your dog is an asymptomatic one. If you have any doubt on yourself or you are weak in worm recognition, then collect the worm in an air-tight container and get it identified by a veterinary doctor in a vet clinic. As collecting the worms and showing it directly to the doctor, rather than describing it, is a better way to get it checked because most of the worms look similar physically to the naked eyes.

You should also look for gastrointestinal signs. However, the life cycle of every worm varies but, all the worms at some time will travel through the gut of your dog. If the numbers of worms are low, then your dog may not show any sign of them. But if they are present in a larger number, they can colonize the bowel and can cause irritation in the lining that can result in numerous symptoms. Some these symptoms may be diarrhea, poor appetite, weight loss, or sickness.

As we already know that, the worms either transit through or live inside the gut. Hence, at a certain stage in worm’s life cycle they can be passed out through dog’s feces, giving you the physical appearance of the worms. If your dog is highly affected by the worms, you can see the actual worms in the feces, but it is not the case if the infection is not too high. In the case of mild infection, you can only have a look of either eggs or larvae, which is almost impossible to spot from naked eyes. To check for the worms from feces, follow these steps:

• With the help of a Popsicle stick, scoop a sample of feces. You can also go for a disposable spoon for the collection. After collecting it, keep it in a clean, air-tight container. You can get these containers either from a medical store or directly from your vet.
• Make sure that you store the sample below 30 degrees Celsius and take it to the vet clinic as soon as you can.
• There may be times when your vet will ask for the pooled samples. In this case, you will have to take your dog’s stool once in a day for three days in a row. Every time you take the stool with you, do not forget to keep it in the same collection container. This is done to cross check that the vet is getting the same results every day, and there is no “false negative” result. The pooled samples are taken to reduce the risk of getting unreliable results.
• The vet will do a detailed analysis of your dog’s feces by examining the smear of feces and placing it under a microscope to check for larvae or worm eggs. If required, he can also send the sample to an outside lab for further assessment.

Most of the worms can be identified through the feces’ test, but there are sometimes when your dog is going through a serious illness. The reason of the serious illness of your dog can be lungworm or heartworm. These worms can only be diagnosed through a blood test. The procedure involves the taking out of around 1-2 ml of blood from your dog’s body as a test sample. After taking out the blood, there are various tests that are done to get the desired result. Out of all, the test that is most common is an ELISA test. This test checks for the presence of antibodies to heartworm and if found positive, it changes its color. If you are residing in high-risk areas for heart worm, then you may have to go for a yearly test and that will the part of your dog’s physical checkup. This checkup will be before the renewal or prescription of a monthly preventative treatment.

You will have to remain highly cautious when your dog is going through the worm infection, as some worms such as roundworms can easily be transferred to you from your dog. If you have a young child in your home, then it is highly advisable that you keep him away from your dog. Because if your little one comes in contact with the roundworm, he can experience severe damage to his eyesight.

Symptoms:

After discussing the types of the worms, it is time to talk about the symptoms by which you will get to know that your pet is not well and dealing with this kind of problem.

Vomiting:

Dogs puke the worms. If your dog has roundworms, they will be visible in the puke of the dog.

Coughing:

Because of the heartworms, your dog can cough badly. Not only because of heartworms, even roundworms and hookworms can also develop coughing in your dogs.

Low Energy:

If your dog has reduced energy levels and has become a lazy pup, then there are fair chances that your dog is suffering from worms.

Diarrhea:

It is one of the most common symptoms in the dogs when they have worms in their body. In most of the cases, if your dog is dealing with hookworms, you may get a chance to see blood in his stools.

Change In Appetite:

If his eating schedule has been changed, then this is the sign that he has roundworms in his body. Getting affected from the worms may reduce their appetite.

Pot Bellied:

If you notice that your pet has bloated in no time, then he/she may be suffering from the problem of worms. You will find this kind of case more in puppies as they get their worms from the mother.

A pot belly in your dog is also a major sign that he has worms in his body. Mostly, puppies are the one who show these signs and especially when they have transmitted the worms from their mother.

Skin Irritations:

This is the most common problem in the dogs when they are suffering from worms in their body. If not treated on time, skin issues can cause serious problems in your dog.

It is always advisable that you take your dog to the vet on time and do not delay in his treatment. Apart from this, make a strict schedule and visit your vet every month so that the regular check up of your dog can be done. Doing so will keep your dog healthy always.

Treatment:

There are treatments available for every type of worms. There may be times when it may be difficult for you to give medicine to your dog, but it is your responsibility to keep them healthy, hence try to give proper medications to your dog always. Because killing the worms is your primary goal, and you cannot give any trouble to your dog.

Now you are well aware of the signs and symptoms that will tell you that whether your dog has worms or not. Do not delay, if you feel that any of the above mentioned symptoms are present in your dog, take him to the vet as soon as possible.

What Do Prairie Dogs Eat?

Most of you must have heard about prairie dogs. They are termed as the burrowing rodents that stay in big colonies in the grasslands of western and central North America. You will find them in five different species like white-tailed, black-tailed, Mexican, Gunnison’s and Utah. The only species of a prairie dog that is found in the Great Plains region of North America is the black-tailed prairie dog. Many people ask what do prairie dogs eat?  Let’s discuss the diet of the prairie dogs.

what do prairie dogs eat

Diet:

As the black-tailed prairie are the only species of prairie dogs, which are mostly found in the region so we will talk about the diet of this species. They mostly eat sedges, grasses, roots, forbs and seeds. They are also known to eat insects.

Population:

It is one of the most teeming mammals in North America. It has been recorded that they are present in the hundreds of billions. In the recent years, their number have decreased because of the variety of seasons or fluctuating weather. We can say that today there may be not more than ten to twenty million present in the specific regions.

Did You Know?

  • In the western Texas, it has been recorded that the largest black-tailed prairie dog was about hundred miles long.
  • Prairie dogs are consist of different types of calls for warning their friends from the enemies. Enemies like owls, hawks, snakes, eagles and coyotes.
  • They can run on an average of thirty-five miles per hour when it comes to short distances.

Range and Habitat:

They were once found in the plain regions of northern Mexico to southern Canada. Believe it or not but there was a time when their colonies use to occupy forty to eighty acres within the four hundred million acre region. Nowadays you will only find small and scattered colonies of these species. They occupy not more than one to two million acres. In earlier days, they were eliminated from the Arizona but recently they have been reintroduced to a small area in the same region.

Behavior:

Their behavior is quite different from other dogs. They live in the complex networks of the tunnels that contain multiple openings. You can easily identify the colonies of this mammal as there will be raised burrow entrances. It helps in giving the prairie dogs a some extra height at the time of behaving like guards or looking for the signs of danger. They are termed as very organized in behavior as they keep separate rooms for everything like for rearing young, sleeping, storing food and eliminating waste.

They are very social in nature and stay in a closely knit family that is termed as coteries. An adult male, young offspring, and one or more adult females will be found in these coteries. They are then separated into wards, and many wards together make a town or colony.

  • They have a very complex way of communication. It contains some variety of pitched warning barks that signal various types of predators. Prairie dogs got their name from the settlers who travel across the plains. They thought that these sound sin terms of warnings were sounded more like dogs barking.
  • Reproduction:
  • Mating Season: In the month of March
  • Gestation: 34 to 38 days and pups born in the month of April or may.
  • Litter Size: Average of three to four pups and range of one to eight.

Squirrel that Barks

Prairie dogs come under the family of squirrels. They are quite closely related to the chipmunks, ground squirrels, and marmots. They are as big as squirrels. Prairie dogs are slightly grizzled, robust and stout. They have rounded heads, short legs, and hairy tails. At the day time, they come out from their burrows to eat all types of roots, grasses, blossoms and weeds. They obtain all the amount of water from the types of foods they eat. At the time of winters, they stay in their burrows and use the fat of their bodies to survive. They stored this fat when the food was abundant.

They are also termed as keystone species because for many animals they act like a food source. They also perform a great role in making the soil more fertile as a result of which a greater variety of plants can flourish. With the urban development and farmland, humans pretense a greater level of threat. It is very vital that people should stop the destruction of prairie dog colonies on the public lands as they play a great role in maintaining the nature’s balance.

Facts:

  • Prairie dogs are not a species of dog and are rodents. Make sure you do not give dog food to a prairie dog.
  • There are some places where keeping a prairie dog as a pet is illegal.
  • It is vital to provide them PVC piping and lot of bedding as they have a habit of digging.
  • Eight and a half is the average life span of the prairie dogs. If we will talk about the maximum reported life span, then it is fifteen years.
  • Adult weight on an average is one to two lbs

If you are planning to make a prairie dog as your pet, then you should take care of certain things and should also talk to a vet. Toenails of a prairie dogs require extra care and frequent trimming. To keep a control on their teeth, it is very vital to provide them enough amount of chewing material.

Housing:

We all know that prairie dogs are very social, still they need a place to stay so that they can call it their home. You need to select a large cage for your prairie dog so that there will be more space for your pet to keep toys and furniture. Keep the spacing of mesh or solid flooring less than one inch otherwise some foot or leg injuries may occur.

Make sure to keep the height of the cage tall enough so that the prairie dog can jump upwards and can stand on the hind legs. Sides of the mesh should be tight, solid and deep enough so that it can hold a lot of amount of substrate for burrowing and digging. Keep the pet’s home away from the sunny windows and drafts but near to a lot of household activities.

Do not leave them alone and also do not ignore them otherwise it may lead to social and behavioral problems.

Now the question arises what all you can put inside the cage? Give a nesting or hiding box to each animal. Also provide a common play area if you have two prairie dogs together. You can make use of old socks or towels as they make a good nesting material. Old newspapers or wood blocks act as toys for the enrichment of your pet.

A high fiber wheat straw bedding will be nice because it is very beneficial in absorbing the moisture weight. It can absorb more than 3000 percent of the weight of moisture. You need to make sure that you do not end up choosing the bedding that sticks to fur. A dust free and hundred percent biodegradable bedding will be the best choice. Shiny newspapers that consist of advertisements are termed as shredded ones that contain many toxic substances. Resins can irritate the skin of your pet so avoid using pine and cedar shavings.

Exercise:

These dogs are termed as the member of the family. They are also allowed to run outside the cage once they get litter trained. To keep them to a certain part of the house you should use child safety gates. You need to take care that your area is prairie dog proofed as they are termed as notorious for chewing, gnawing and digging. When in the cage, it is very necessary to prevent them from chewing on cage mesh or bars.

They are known to dig holes in the couch cushions and also in the mattresses. You can give your pet this facility by providing a PVC piping and digging material to him inside the cage.

Things Not To Do:

Do not ever punish your dog. Spanking and scolding him/her for digging can have negative effects on the behavior of your pet.  There is no point in punishing your pet for something he/she has done some hours back. If you continue doing this, you may end up upsetting your pet.

As dogs are termed as the most faithful animal on this planet, make sure you do not be harsh with them. The weirdest technique applied by the owners is that they fill a hole with water and hold the head of the pet under the water. This type of behavior will not solve your problem and make the things even worse.

Feeding:

Prairie dogs are termed as herbivores. In other words, we may also assume that they eat only plants or plant-related materials. It can lead to a life-threatening malady if you do not provide the right amount of diet to them or if there will be a lack of exercise.

  • Water:

It is the basic need of all the living beings. Make sure you provide clean water to your pet. For prairie dogs, a water bottle that contains sipper tube works best in every way. Keep a little bit of sipper inside the cage otherwise your pet will end up chewing it. Change the water on a daily basis and keep the tube of the sipper clean.

  • Hay:

More than seventy-five percent of the prairie dogs diet is unlimited, and they have free choice grass hays like brome, timothy, oat hay or orchard.

Now you must be thinking what is a free choice? So, it means that it depends on the choice of the pet that at what time he wants to eat the hay. Make sure you take care of the freshness of the hay otherwise it may lead to severe problems. Essential fiber is provided by the hay that helps in maintaining the dental health and intestinal health.

Treats:

Make sure eating should be fun for your pets. Treats always help in creating a bond between the pet and the owner. It is very tempting for the pets if you give them more treats. So, do not give the tempting treats regularly otherwise your pet will end up refusing the basic treats.

Every pet deals with the problem of worms. There are treatments available for every type of worms. You will also find some medications that are termed as all in one medication. They help your pet in every situation. Just like kids, pets also become very fussy when it comes to taking medications. Due to this reason many chewable tablets are available in the market. Many medicines are specially designed for specific treatments. These medications not only treat your pet but also make sure to prevent your pet from future infections.

Make sure you discuss with a doctor and give the right amount of dosage to your pet. The dosage can differ according to the weight and height of your pet. Do not ever try to give human medicines to your pet, it is very harmful. It can also end up killing your pet.Human medications can have negative effects on the pets and makes the situation even worse. Do not make your decision when it comes to your dog and consult with a vet.

Now you know what do prairie dogs eat? Take good care of your pet as he is dependent on you. It is very vital to provide good nutrition and proper environment to the pet otherwise he/she may develop multiple problems that can be very severe also. Consult with a veterinarian if you are facing problems with your pet.

How To Stop A Dog From Digging?

You love your dog a lot and love playing with him all the time. But from some days when you are not playing with him, or you are not around, your backyard or your garden have started looking like a mine field. Then you come to know that your dog is the culprit here. He has developed a habit of digging out the field unnecessarily, and you are worried because of his habit. Your mind is filled with numerous random thoughts like, is your dog sick, is your dog going through some problem, is your dog has some mental problem and many more. And the most important thing you are thinking all the time is how to stop a dog from digging? But do not worry; here is the answer to all your problems. Just read the article and get rid of all the tensions and worries you are facing because of your dog. We will look into the reason as why your dog suddenly starts digging and the ways through which you can help your dog in getting rid of the problem.

how to stop a dog from digging

Why Your Dog Is Digging?

There may be many reasons behind your dog’s digging. Let’s look at some of the reasons as why your dog has started making your garden a mine field suddenly.

To Keep Himself Cool & Comfortable

This is one of the many important reasons because of which the dogs like to dig holes. To make them cool and comfortable, they often prefer digging and then making circles so that a cozy bed can be prepared. If the weather is too hot or too cold, dogs dig the ground to find a warmer or cooler place to rest. The dogs are too smart that they choose the places strategically so that they are located at a cool or warm area. Some of the examples of cool and warm places can be inside the shade, outdoor furniture that are in your garden or backyard or even sometimes under bushes.

To Burry Valuable Items

Dogs are smart enough to protect their valuable things. They do so by burying them in the ground or somewhere so that it cannot be found easily. Normally, Dogs love to bury their favorite food if they are not in the mood to eat it now, and hence, can be consumed later. Apart from the food they can bury bones that can be chewed or even sometimes preys. During the older times, this was the primary key for the survival of the ancestor of dogs. As it used to allow them to leave their food safely buried under the ground and hence it is concealed and can be consumed later. Therefore, you should not be surprised if your dog is loved to dig and hide his favorite things there so that it can be protected from everyone. For all the dogs, the procedure of digging the hole to hide something is same. They dig the holes with the help of their claws, hide their favorite thing in there and then cover the hole with the dirt by using their nose. The process of burying items can be repeated several times and is completely normal. The majority of the dogs will dig the ground, bury their favorite items and then they will fill it. This can be repeated several times, either in the same old spot or some new spot. There are some dogs who love to bury their things indoor. Some of their favorite indoor places can be on the carpet or furniture, underneath their beds or even under the piles of laundry.

To Entertain Themselves

There are times when digging is totally fun for the dogs and has no motive of hiding or doing something else. Digging can be their love or even a hobby. There are some breeds of the dogs, for example, Terriers, that are more likely to love digging the ground than the other breeds of dogs. But as far as digging is concerned, any dog can develop the habit and starts enjoying it. So, digging can also be a playful act for your dog. In this case, you do not have to worry at all. There is one research that shows that dogs who dig for fun has a common habit and also adapt to a playful posture. They perform digging and running around alternately. Especially, the sandy surfaces are the favorite place for dogs to trigger bouts of digging. If your dog is digging totally for entertainment purpose, then you can see numerous holes that are randomly scattered all over the ground area.

To Hunt Ground-Dwelling Animals

Some of the dogs are there who have a habit of hunting the small preys. This is not only their habit, but also the desire and the ability to hunt these small ground-dwelling animals. Some of the ground-dwelling animals that dogs love to hunt can be groundhogs, moles, etc. There may be times, if your dog has found a hole with the animal inside it, he can keep on digging it until he reaches the animal so that he can hunt it.

Anxiety Or Separation

There may be times when your dog is going through the hard times, because of which he can start digging all around. Some of the problems that can your dog face is the separation from the family member or because he is left alone in the house and wants to escape himself from there.

Eating Dirt Or Uneatable Objects

Some of the dogs have the habit of eating the dirt or other objects that can be found on the ground. And this can also be the primary reason behind the digging habit of your dog. They consume soil after digging it or even the roots of the plants and other inedible material. The majority of the dogs are highly selective about the soil they are consuming and hence, this digging is mostly limited to a small number of areas.

Digging is completely a normal behavior for your dog. Almost all the breeds of dogs dig at any point of time, some dig more than the others. Any breed of the dog can develop the habit of digging under the favorable or unfavorable conditions. No matter how normal the digging habit may be, it is important for you to stop your dog from unnecessary digging. To deal with these problems the first task you have to do is to identify the reason behind digging. What is the motivation for your dog’s digging habit so that you can work upon it. If you achieve success in knowing the reason behind your dog’s digging, then half of the work is done. Now you can find the ways to prevent your dog from unnecessary digging. There may sometimes be when you will have to prevent your dog from digging in unwanted places and will have to offer new and appropriate places for digging.

How To Stop Your Dog From Digging?

Enroll Dog For Training Class

If your dog has the problem digging, then don’t panic. Just take a deep breath, calm down and take your dog to an authorized training center or you can also train your dog at your home. But while training him at your home, behave like you are trainer or the leader or a coach. If everything is going on smoothly, then your dog should show deep respect for you and must be able to remember all the commands that you have taught him or are going to teach him during the training sessions. In the beginning, you can start your training session with basic commands. Some of the basic commands that you can use are “Stop”, “Sit”, “Run”, Heel”, etc. Once you have started the training session, try to maintain the consistency. Repeat these training and tricks at least once a day for about 10 to 15 minutes.

Entertain Your Dog

As told earlier, for the majority of the dogs the primary reason for digging is their boredom. Your dog can be bored because you may be not in your home for longer durations, and he is alone. The primary signs through which you can know that your dog is feeling bored are whines, or if stares at the fences for longer times or is busy in digging holes, etc. Try following tips to remove your dog’s boredom:
• Try to entertain him by playing with the toys, especially if your dog is too young and cannot go out in open. Also, try to keep your dog excited by continuously rotating the toys.
• Go for running, jogging or at least for a walk with him. Maintain an exercise regime so that your dog and you both can stay fit and healthy, and simultaneously his boredom can also be removed. Take your dog for a walk at least twice a day or consider playing with a ball. The more your dog is tired, the less he will go for digging the holes in the ground.
• Allow your dog to get socialized with other dogs. Take your dog to the dog park and let him roam around, saunter and sniff along with his heart’s content. If the dogs are with other dogs, then they are never bored.

Try To Discourage Him

This can be a good way to stop your dog from digging. Discouraging him from doing so will slowly and gradually stop him from digging around. Try to follow these tips to discourage your cute dog from digging:
• You can connect a sprinkler on the hose where your dog normally digs. And whenever you see your dog digging around, turn on the sprinkler so that he can run away from the digging place.
• Another way you can go for is to fill the place of digging with rocks, so that the dog cannot go there. You can use larger, flat rocks to perform the task, as these rocks are the hardest to move from the place.
• You can also bury the chicken wire under the surface of the dirt. If your dog comes to dig the ground, then the wire under his feet will make him feel uncomfortable. Using chicken wire is highly recommended to be used near the fenced area.

Try Blunter Discouragement

If normal discouragement is not working for your dog, then it is the time to get strict with him and show him who is the boss. Here are some trips that you can use to discourage your dog in a less pleasant way:
• There are some dogs who hate the smell of their poop. So, putting some of your own dog’s poop near the place of digging will reduce the interest of your dog.
• Try to keep a small inflated balloon and then cover it with the dirt. Sometimes the loud and unpleasant surprises can be very helpful in stopping your dog from digging.
• Citrus fruits like lemon, orange or grapefruit are the enemies for almost all the dogs. Therefore, keeping the peels or the seeds of these fruits can be the great sources to prevent dogs from digging the ground. You can peel an orange or can also use the orange juice, take it in your hand and take it near to the dog’s nose. If he runs away while performing the procedure, then voila! You are the winner.

Try To Give Your Dog More Attention

It is your most important duty if you have the dog in your home. There are fair chances that your dog was digging holes in the ground till now to get your attention. If you feel that this can be the case, then avoid your dog after the digging and lavish him with attention to other. Moreover, do not forget to spend enough time with him when you are free and also on other occasions. If you perform all the tasks properly, if you will give your proper attention, then your dog will not have to anywhere and gather the attention from the wrong places.

These are some of the tips and tricks you can go for to stop your dog from digging. Never be too rude with your dog. Just behave properly and try to find the cause as why your dog is digging the ground.

How Many Teeth Do Dogs Have?

Have you ever explored the insides of your dog’s mouth? Have you ever been curious how many teeth  do dogs have? If you guessed 42, that’s right! An adult dog will have a set of 42 permanent teeth. These will replace her 28 milk teeth. When a puppy is just a couple weeks old, her deciduous teeth will begin erupting through the gums. The set always starts with the incisors and ends with pre-molars that come after her canine teeth. It makes sense that she gets all her deciduous teeth by eight weeks of age. The teething stages can be painful especially when your puppy begins to have her first milky teeth, so it is common for you notice many dogs weaning their puppies when they grow. These puppy teeth can also be painful to you as would be the case with every puppy owners. Every bit of her playful bite can be extremely painful as they are sharp when they develop.

How Many Teeth Do Dogs Have?

When Losing Their Baby Teeth

When your puppy matures to 8 weeks of age, you will notice her deciduous teeth starts removing themselves from the gum as the permanent teeth will soon start taking their place. This process of loosening their teeth will continue till the entire set has been replaced with permanent teeth. The removal process works as such, first to fall off are the incisors, the teeth in the front section of their mouth that they use to grooming themselves and for stripping the flesh off soft meat. Then, her baby canines fall off and are followed by the pre-molars and molars. Your puppy will retain all of her teeth by the time she is eight months older.

Is The Teeth Cutting Progressing Normally?

Teething stage is considered a rite of passage for all species including us humans, but to animals, it is critical because their teeth play a significant role in their survival, from consuming food to defending themselves. Hence, it is important that you pay extra attention to the details of your doggy’s oral hygiene, and you must take necessary precautions immediately after her teething stages.

During the teething phase, as pet owners, you are expected to remain vigil and perform regular oral checks on your puppy to make sure that the removal of deciduous teeth occurs without an incident. If it is partially removed or if her milk teeth won’t give way for the permanent teeth and if they are growing beneath the deciduous teeth, it could be an indication of trouble. The permanent teeth will be crooked if they continue protruding forcefully from beneath the puppy’s milk teeth.

It will affect your puppy on a long term as she may find it increasingly difficult to manage her day to day activities like play, grabbing things using her mouth or having a meal. If your puppy has crowded teeth and you do not remove them in the earlier stages, it can lead to variety of problems such as when she eats her meal, the food can easily get stuck in the tiny crevice between the teeth and may result in periodontal disease. It causes swelling of the gums, and the puppy’s gums will turn red and inflamed due to the presence of harmful bacteria.

When your puppy has a retained deciduous tooth (permanent teeth growing beneath permanent teeth) the pressure from the pressing of permanent teeth against the milky teeth can cause intense discomfort and pain. The other manner in which it affects your puppy is, when the teeth are pushed against the lips or gums, it can cause an ulcer. Sometimes it can result in natural alignment issues when the upper and lower jaws shut causing the teeth to not rest well on each other. When such issues are ignored, your puppy may have chewing issues. Your puppy’s retained deciduous teeth must be surgically removed if you feel that the pet is in pain. It is best if you deal with the retained deciduous teeth the moment you notice it. But if you did happen to take note of its presence despite the puppy reaching   4-6 months of age, then there isn’t any excuse for not removing her deciduous teeth.

Dogs are fascinating creatures that have perfectly evolved into excellent scavengers. Every detail of a dog from the tip of its sensitive nose to the ends of its happy wagging tail is built to adapt well and blend into the human habitat as a perfectly adapted domesticated species. However, there have been many myths and understanding regarding the oral hygiene and cavity of a dog; many speak of their versions of dealing with dog’s dental care. If you are unsure what to do when your pet has issue with her oral cavity, you must consult a vet. If you take the matters in your own capacity and attempt treating your pet by self known methods, it can end in a unhappy note. It may also result in some unexpected outcome.

So let’s take a glance at the most frequently asked question regarding dog’s dental care.

1. How Many Teeth Do Dogs Have?

Adult dogs have a 42 teeth aligned on either jaw. That is one third more teeth than we humans possess. (32 teeth in case you didn’t know). Especially, after discounting your wisdom teeth.

Meanwhile, Puppies have 28 deciduous teeth (milk teeth) waiting to be replaced by permanent teeth compared to the 20 deciduous teeth that human children possess.

2. When Do Dogs Begin To Lose Their Baby Teeth?

Your puppy could start losing her baby teeth when she is 12 to 16 weeks of age. All her teeth will have shed before she is four months of age, and that being replaced by the permanent teeth. There is no change in this duration or order in which the teeth grow.

In case you are concerned or have reasons to believe that the growth isn’t occurring in the expected pattern nor has a delay in the appearance of her permanent teeth or delay in losing the baby teeth, you must consult a vet to make a formal diagnosis. If your puppy is suffering from infection or misalignment of teeth, there is only one legit way to confirm the status of your puppy health during the teething stages, which is to take her to a licensed vet who can accurately advise you regarding your pet’s oral health.

3. Is It Possible A Dog’s Teeth Is An Age Indicator?

There is no straightforward, accurate answer to this question because it depends on various factors. If it’s a young pup, you can attest its age by observing which teeth has erupted first. You can certainly predict the age in the case of puppies, but the same cannot be said in case you are trying to find the age of an adult dog.

Here Is The Exact Description Of That Logic.

Your puppy’s deciduous incisors will erupt when she is 4 to 6 weeks older that will be replaced by a permanent incisor during the period of 12-16 weeks. The next set will be the canines, also called as the “fang teeth” due to their curvy pointed resemblance to fangs. This pair will emerge when the puppy is 3 to 5 weeks older and will be removed when she is 12 to 16 weeks older. By the time your doggy is 4 to 6 months older, she will have her fully replaced milky teeth including the molars that are found at the back of her oral cavity. The teeth growth will occur in pairs and will begin from the lower jaw and then the upper. That is, your puppy will develop incisors first in the lower jaw then on the upper jaw. This pattern will be the same for other teeth as well. By the time your dog is six months older, she will have a complete set of teeth including molars and beyond six months, she will have a visible set of teeth.

The age of your dog can be easily estimated till she completes the teething stages that is approximately 6 months; beyond that, many animal experts rely on quantifying the wear on the teeth, but this is not known to be the most reliable way to predict the age of your dog. You can justify that thought by asking, what if a young puppy has a habit of chewing tough items? In that case you could make a wrong prediction if you were to use the same method to find the age of a recued stray. You could easily mistake a young dog for an older one. When you place the dog for adoption, she is less likely to be adopted believing she is a senior dog. Hence, this method of gauging the age of the dog is extremely unsophisticated. Most of this logic owes to the age evaluation method used to determine the age of horses. A horse’s teeth is known to erupt over a 5 year duration, all of the teeth over that period and wears off at some pre-established terms, but the same cannot be said for determining the age of dogs. Knowing the age of dogs are just more than evaluating the condition of their teeth.

The oral hygiene of a dog is of equal importance to that of humans. The doggy teeth need your attention, and time to time cleaning with a soft bristled toothbrush is compulsory. Dogs may not appreciate you putting a foreign object into its mouth and will hesitate at every attempt. You can use start by using your fingers to massage their gums and teeth to clean them, once they are adapted to you inserting your finger in their mouth to remove plaque and hygiene hampering bacteria you can switch to toothbrush. Since a dog does not consume sweet food like chocolates, they are less prone to tooth cavity and decay. If you are cleaning your dog’s mouth, do not use the tooth paste used by humans. You are recommended to use products that are approved for use on dogs. Dog specific toothpaste and other oral products are tested to be effective and for your pet’s safety. In some extreme cases if your dog has exposed root it is necessary to consult a vet immediately, and you will be recommended to perform endodontic procedures such as root canal and tooth capping. In rare cases if the tooth cannot be saved, it will be a necessity to have them extracted.

6. Does The Size Of The Dog Define Teeth Issues?

Different sized dogs experience problems in their own ways. Smaller dogs usually have hygiene issues because of their short snouts, it becomes difficult to clean the inner mouth cavity and as a result any germ deposit will progress into a disease. While larger dogs experience traumatic injury because of their greater ability of bite force and biting on a hard object that result in tooth fracture or broken jaws. However, larger dogs are also prone to mouth infections and diseases if their oral hygiene is ignored.

7. How Will I Know If My Dog Has Gum Disease?

The only best way to know if your dog is having issues with its oral hygiene is to conduct a physical examination of the mouth by lifting the lips of your dog and running your fingers on her gum. If your dog withdraws her face in pain or if you notice blood on your finger, it is an indication of trouble. Also time to time conduct a sniff test to check if your dog has foul smelling breath, it could mean she is suffering from a bacterial infection, in the earlier stages you will be able to treat her without the disease from spreading elaborately into other regions.

Lastly, your dog has every right to oral hygiene just like your family does because she is part of your family too. If you found this article informative, leave a comment and share the page.

Pet Care: How To Get Rid Of Fleas On Dogs?

Fleas can be defined as insects of the order ‘Siphonaptera.’ They are devoid of wings, but have mouthparts that can be used for piercing the skin of the host to such blood. They make their survival by living off the blood of birds and mammals. There are different kinds of fleas and the one that feeds on dogs is called as Dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis). Fleas use a large number of warm-blooded vertebrates as hosts such as humans, cats, dogs, rabbits, chickens, squirrels, mice, ferrets and rats. In this article – how to get rid of fleas on dogs – information will be given on various ways by how the pest can be eliminated from the pet’s body. Preventive methods are also given to eliminate the pest from the vicinity of your home.how to get rid of fleas on dogs

The tiny bugs, fleas are, they cannot be easily found on a pet dog’s coat. You would have thought, after a successful repulsion of these insects, the home environment is safe, but they can reappear. Follow the simple instructions given below to eliminate successfully the unwanted guests from your pet dog’s body.

How To Get Rid Of Fleas On Dogs: Natural Flea Treatments

You can clear off the fleas by giving a wash to the pet with the flea and tick shampoo. The chemicals (shampoo) will kill the fleas, and your dog will be free from the itching sensation. The simple way would be to lather the skin of the pet with shampoo and then rinse thoroughly.

You can ask the Vet if there are any treatments given for the pet dog regarding fleas. He/she might recommend the product such as ‘Frontline’ and ‘Advantage.’ These products can be bought from retail stores, pet stores or supply stores. These products can not only cure the pet of fleas but a monthly wash can prevent them from making their reappearance.

In case of severe infection, have patience and wait for three days after giving the pet dog a wash from the shampoo (flea and tick). Then go for the flea treatment recommended by the Vet.

Flea Collar

Have a one-on-one discussion with the Vet regarding a flea collar. Some of them can contain ingredients that can give bouts of illness to the pet. Ensure you cut the excess length of the collar as your animal companion can chew the ends. Flea collars perform dual roles – they kill fleas and prevent new ones from latching on the pet.

The collar should not be too tight for the pet. You should be able to insert two fingers between the neck and collar. Read the instructions carefully on how long should the collar remain on the pet’s neck. Few collars lose their effectiveness after becoming wet. As a pet owner, ensure the neck portion below the collar is checked every three days to check signs of irritation or allergy.

Many pet owners do not go for flea powder treatment (though the prices are cheap) as it can cause dry skin. You can also opt for a spray that has lavender, cedar or eucalyptus. The oil can repel the wannabe guests but the practice has to be continued consistently.

In case of early diagnosis of flea infections, the dog can be washed with warm water and dog shampoo. The process can eliminate most of the fleas. Ensure you notice the symptoms before giving a second wash. If the pet suffers from rashes or allergy, then stop the use. You can give the pet a perfect ‘lather and rinse’ option continuously for three days to kill the fleas.

Flea Comb

You can use a specially designed flea comb or you can use a comb that has very small gaps with less distance between the teeth. These combs can take out the fleas from the dog’s coat.

The combing process can be done from the top to bottom. Ensure the pet’s skin is reached, so that the unwanted guests on the pet’s body will be eliminated. Keep a bucket full of warm water containing soap ready. Dip the comb after removing a flea. The chemicals from the soap will kill the fleas.

Lemon Juice

You can make lemon juice, dilute it with water and apply on the fur of the pet. The best way would be to take five lemons and cut them into small pieces. You can put them in a bowl of water and then leave overnight. Then take the liquid in a spray bottle. Spray the water all over the dog’s coat, especially on the ears, the base of the tail, beneath the legs and around the head. The mixture should be then rubbed on the fur till it reaches the skin. The procedure should be continued for three days.

Alternatively, you can also perform the same procedure with apple cider vinegar. The mixture can also be taken orally. You can mix one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in the pet’s drinking water. Give a break of one day and continue the same procedure the next day. The vinegar will be absorbed in the skin making it acidic and fleas will be repelled.

Ensure you check on the symptoms. If the skin becomes dry, or the dog suffers from irritation, then stop the treatment immediately.

Lavender Oil

You need only a little amount of lavender oil to be applied in key places to bring a medical positive effect. Perform the procedure of washing the dog with soap and warm water. You can make use of the towel to pat the pet dry. Then apply lavender oil to the key areas such as the base of the tail, areas around the head and back of the head. The oil can be gently massaged on the coat and skin.

Treatment for Fleas In Home

Spray

Once you get the notion, that you have fleas in the pet, naturally they would have invaded the home, hide in corners and beneath the carpets. Buy an aerosol insecticide as per the instructions of the Vet, and spray on all the areas you have doubts. Alternatively, you can buy the flea spray can on retail stores. This process can protect the dog as well as your family.

Flea Powder

The powder can make the dog skin dry, but it will be effective in clearing the house of insects. The powders contain ingredients toxic to fleas, but if ingested by pets, it can lead to dangerous situations. Some powders also leave residues, so kindly follow the instructions as advised on the pack. You can also use the powder if you are going on a vacation.

You can read the instructions on the label for determining the proper use of powder. In case of doubts, consult the Vet before trying the powder on the dog. Have patience when you apply the powder on the dog coat and let it remain for at least an hour. The chemical and odor from the powder can make the dog shake its body and you know the result – oops!

Make the application of powder a habit and let the dog adjust to the new procedure.

Fogger

The equipment can be bought from hardware stores (even pet stores). You can also hire a professional to do the job in case you suspect a flea invasion in the home. The equipment can work effectively in open spaces, but they cannot kill the insects hiding in remote corners. For this specific purpose, only a specialized tip instrument containing aerosol powder can be used.

How To Get Rid Of Fleas On Dogs Quickly

Eliminating The Fleas From The Yard

The yard or outdoor space should be treated with a regulator (insect growth). The ability to reproduce by the unwanted guests will be stopped. Select the one suitable for the yard. You can prepare a concentrate of fenvalerate with water and spray on the yard. The mixture will kill not only pests, but also other household insects found outdoors. The grass on the lawn can act as a worthy residence for fleas, so keep it short.

Brewer’s Yeast

The easy and best method of repelling fleas. It is preferred by most owners, as it is a natural treatment when compared with harsh chemical remedies. You can make the Brewer’s yeast tablet a part of everyday diet. Consult the Vet on the dosage as he/she will be the best person to determine based on the pet’s age and dosage. The yeast will be sent to all parts of the body by the process of digestion and it will be eliminated via the pores of the pet’s body. Fleas can be eliminated easily as they cannot withstand yeast odor.

Monthly Topical

Similar to the earlier method, this method is used for prevention of fleas. It is advisable that you take the help of a Vet when opting for the ‘spot on’ or topical treatments. You can apply few drops of the pre-measured vial on the places as per the instructions. The areas could be the shoulder blades of the pet as well as different locations. The medication should be applied on the skin and not on the coat.

The chemicals can kill adult fleas if they bite the dog or land on the dog. It loses its medicinal properties after a month. There are few products in the market which can kill eggs, but kindly ensure it does not contain chemicals allergic to the dog breed.

Check the season before opting for a method. The inactive season for the fleas will be winter and you need not use the products frequently during these months.

Flea Tablet

A Vet can give you details on tablets that can be given to the pet on a monthly basis. Check the dosage similar to Brewer’s Yeast. When the flea bites the host after ingestion of the tablet, a chemical is released called as lufenuron. The chemical will be passed to the eggs and their hatching is stalled.

Rosemary Flea Dip

Take 500 ml of fresh rosemary sprigs and keep them immersed in boiling water for half an hour. You can discard the leaves after the procedure. You can add one gallon of warm water to the mixture. Let the amount of water be less for a small dog.

Note

You always have  to keep in mind that if a dog becomes infected, and it has access to your home, then many flea eggs would have been dropped everywhere. The eggs can turn into larvae and then to fleas. The disadvantage in flea eggs is they can be dormant for a year and then move to their original form. The ideal environment for fleas will be when temperatures come to 35 ° Celsius and have a relative humidity of seventy percent.

Many pet owners rue the fact – they would have thought the house and animal companion is safe from these creepy insects and suddenly a family member finds the pet suffering from itches and scratches. So, if you are a pet dog owner, keep a lookout for fleas.

In case of washing the dog with soap or any chemical laced ingredient, ensure you provide adequate protection to the eyes, nose and ears on the face. Cotton should be used to close the dog’s ears and ophthalmic ointment should be applied to the eyes before a medication. Kindly ensure the chemicals do not get into the delicate areas.

We request our readers to drop in any new remedies regarding getting rid of fleas on a dog.